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md5.c

/*
* This code implements the MD5 message-digest algorithm.
* The algorithm is due to Ron Rivest.  This code was
* written by Colin Plumb in 1993, no copyright is claimed.
* This code is in the public domain; do with it what you wish.
*
* Equivalent code is available from RSA Data Security, Inc.
* This code has been tested against that, and is equivalent,
* except that you don't need to include two pages of legalese
* with every copy.
*
* To compute the message digest of a chunk of bytes, declare an
* MD5Context structure, pass it to MD5Init, call MD5Update as
* needed on buffers full of bytes, and then call MD5Final, which
* will fill a supplied 16-byte array with the digest.
*/

/* #include "config.h" */

#include <string.h>           /* for memcpy() */
#include "md5.h"

static void byteReverse(unsigned char *buf, unsigned longs);

/*
* Note: this code is harmless on little-endian machines.
*/
#define byteSwap(a, b) do { \
  a ^= b; \
  b ^= a; \
  a ^= b; \
} while(0)
static void byteReverse(unsigned char *buf, unsigned longs)
{
  /*uint32 t;*/
  do {
    /*
    t = (uint32) ((unsigned) buf[3] << 8 | buf[2]) << 16 |
      ((unsigned) buf[1] << 8 | buf[0]);
    *(uint32 *) buf = t;
    */
    byteSwap(buf[0], buf[3]);
    byteSwap(buf[1], buf[2]);
    buf += 4;
  } while (--longs);
}

/*
* Start MD5 accumulation.  Set bit count to 0 and buffer to mysterious
* initialization constants.
*/
void MD5Init(struct MD5Context *ctx, int brokenEndian)
{
  ctx->buf[0] = 0x67452301;
  ctx->buf[1] = 0xefcdab89;
  ctx->buf[2] = 0x98badcfe;
  ctx->buf[3] = 0x10325476;
  
  ctx->bits[0] = 0;
  ctx->bits[1] = 0;
  
  /*#ifdef WORDS_BIGENDIAN*/
  if (brokenEndian) {
    ctx->doByteReverse = 0;
  } else {
    ctx->doByteReverse = 1;
  }
  /*#else
  ctx->doByteReverse = 0;
  #endif
  */
}

/*
* Update context to reflect the concatenation of another buffer full
* of bytes.
*/
void MD5Update(struct MD5Context *ctx, unsigned char const *buf, unsigned len)
{
  uint32 t;
  
  /* Update bitcount */
  
  t = ctx->bits[0];
  if ((ctx->bits[0] = t + ((uint32) len << 3)) < t)
    ctx->bits[1]++;           /* Carry from low to high */
  ctx->bits[1] += len >> 29;
  
  t = (t >> 3) & 0x3f;  /* Bytes already in shsInfo->data */
  
  /* Handle any leading odd-sized chunks */
  
  if (t) {
    unsigned char *p = (unsigned char *) ctx->in + t;
    
    t = 64 - t;
    if (len < t) {
      memcpy(p, buf, len);
      return;
    }
    memcpy(p, buf, t);
    if (ctx->doByteReverse)
      byteReverse(ctx->in, 16);
    MD5Transform(ctx->buf, (uint32 *) ctx->in);
    buf += t;
    len -= t;
  }
  /* Process data in 64-byte chunks */
  
  while (len >= 64) {
    memcpy(ctx->in, buf, 64);
    if (ctx->doByteReverse)
      byteReverse(ctx->in, 16);
    MD5Transform(ctx->buf, (uint32 *) ctx->in);
    buf += 64;
    len -= 64;
  }
  
  /* Handle any remaining bytes of data. */
  
  memcpy(ctx->in, buf, len);
}

/*
* Final wrapup - pad to 64-byte boundary with the bit pattern 
* 1 0* (64-bit count of bits processed, MSB-first)
*/
void MD5Final(unsigned char digest[16], struct MD5Context *ctx)
{
  unsigned count;
  unsigned char *p;
  
  /* Compute number of bytes mod 64 */
  count = (ctx->bits[0] >> 3) & 0x3F;
  
  /* Set the first char of padding to 0x80.  This is safe since there is
  always at least one byte free */
  p = ctx->in + count;
  *p++ = 0x80;
  
  /* Bytes of padding needed to make 64 bytes */
  count = 64 - 1 - count;
  
  /* Pad out to 56 mod 64 */
  if (count < 8) {
    /* Two lots of padding:  Pad the first block to 64 bytes */
    memset(p, 0, count);
    if (ctx->doByteReverse)
      byteReverse(ctx->in, 16);
    MD5Transform(ctx->buf, (uint32 *) ctx->in);
    
    /* Now fill the next block with 56 bytes */
    memset(ctx->in, 0, 56);
  } else {
    /* Pad block to 56 bytes */
    memset(p, 0, count - 8);
  }
  if (ctx->doByteReverse)
    byteReverse(ctx->in, 14);
  
  /* Append length in bits and transform */
  ((uint32 *) ctx->in)[14] = ctx->bits[0];
  ((uint32 *) ctx->in)[15] = ctx->bits[1];
  
  MD5Transform(ctx->buf, (uint32 *) ctx->in);
  if (ctx->doByteReverse)
    byteReverse((unsigned char *) ctx->buf, 4);
  memcpy(digest, ctx->buf, 16);
  memset(ctx, 0, sizeof(ctx));      /* In case it's sensitive */
}

/* The four core functions - F1 is optimized somewhat */

/* #define F1(x, y, z) (x & y | ~x & z) */
#define F1(x, y, z) (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)))
#define F2(x, y, z) F1(z, x, y)
#define F3(x, y, z) (x ^ y ^ z)
#define F4(x, y, z) (y ^ (x | ~z))

/* This is the central step in the MD5 algorithm. */
#define MD5STEP(f, w, x, y, z, data, s) \
( w += f(x, y, z) + data,  w = w<<s | w>>(32-s),  w += x )

/*
* The core of the MD5 algorithm, this alters an existing MD5 hash to
* reflect the addition of 16 longwords of new data.  MD5Update blocks
* the data and converts bytes into longwords for this routine.
*/
void MD5Transform(uint32 buf[4], uint32 const in[16])
{
  register uint32 a, b, c, d;
  
  a = buf[0];
  b = buf[1];
  c = buf[2];
  d = buf[3];
  
  MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[0] + 0xd76aa478, 7);
  MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[1] + 0xe8c7b756, 12);
  MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[2] + 0x242070db, 17);
  MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[3] + 0xc1bdceee, 22);
  MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[4] + 0xf57c0faf, 7);
  MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[5] + 0x4787c62a, 12);
  MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[6] + 0xa8304613, 17);
  MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[7] + 0xfd469501, 22);
  MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[8] + 0x698098d8, 7);
  MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[9] + 0x8b44f7af, 12);
  MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[10] + 0xffff5bb1, 17);
  MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[11] + 0x895cd7be, 22);
  MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[12] + 0x6b901122, 7);
  MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[13] + 0xfd987193, 12);
  MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[14] + 0xa679438e, 17);
  MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[15] + 0x49b40821, 22);
  
  MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[1] + 0xf61e2562, 5);
  MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[6] + 0xc040b340, 9);
  MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[11] + 0x265e5a51, 14);
  MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[0] + 0xe9b6c7aa, 20);
  MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[5] + 0xd62f105d, 5);
  MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[10] + 0x02441453, 9);
  MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[15] + 0xd8a1e681, 14);
  MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[4] + 0xe7d3fbc8, 20);
  MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[9] + 0x21e1cde6, 5);
  MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[14] + 0xc33707d6, 9);
  MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[3] + 0xf4d50d87, 14);
  MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[8] + 0x455a14ed, 20);
  MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[13] + 0xa9e3e905, 5);
  MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[2] + 0xfcefa3f8, 9);
  MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[7] + 0x676f02d9, 14);
  MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[12] + 0x8d2a4c8a, 20);
  
  MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[5] + 0xfffa3942, 4);
  MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[8] + 0x8771f681, 11);
  MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[11] + 0x6d9d6122, 16);
  MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[14] + 0xfde5380c, 23);
  MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[1] + 0xa4beea44, 4);
  MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[4] + 0x4bdecfa9, 11);
  MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[7] + 0xf6bb4b60, 16);
  MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[10] + 0xbebfbc70, 23);
  MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[13] + 0x289b7ec6, 4);
  MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[0] + 0xeaa127fa, 11);
  MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[3] + 0xd4ef3085, 16);
  MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[6] + 0x04881d05, 23);
  MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[9] + 0xd9d4d039, 4);
  MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[12] + 0xe6db99e5, 11);
  MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[15] + 0x1fa27cf8, 16);
  MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[2] + 0xc4ac5665, 23);
  
  MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[0] + 0xf4292244, 6);
  MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[7] + 0x432aff97, 10);
  MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[14] + 0xab9423a7, 15);
  MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[5] + 0xfc93a039, 21);
  MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[12] + 0x655b59c3, 6);
  MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[3] + 0x8f0ccc92, 10);
  MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[10] + 0xffeff47d, 15);
  MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[1] + 0x85845dd1, 21);
  MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[8] + 0x6fa87e4f, 6);
  MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[15] + 0xfe2ce6e0, 10);
  MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[6] + 0xa3014314, 15);
  MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[13] + 0x4e0811a1, 21);
  MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[4] + 0xf7537e82, 6);
  MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[11] + 0xbd3af235, 10);
  MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[2] + 0x2ad7d2bb, 15);
  MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[9] + 0xeb86d391, 21);
  
  buf[0] += a;
  buf[1] += b;
  buf[2] += c;
  buf[3] += d;
}


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